Piparo mud volcano 19th October 2019

Drone photo taken at 114ft

Interpreted faults and fractures

All faults and fractures superimposed, nearly all the failures have remained the same size and position

Photo montage showing how the faults have changed over time. They appeared on the 22nd September, by the 28th September they have widened and subsidence is visible to the north and around the cone. There is very little change on the 7th October, but by the 19th October a few new ones have appeared. The faults to the east of the cone clearly show extension and downward movement to the SW. Overall most of the subsidence is around the cone.

Drone photo from 71ft, note a number of the faults pass through the cone and the triangular prayer site. However, unlike what is being said in the media there is NO lateral displacement (strike slip fault) of either feature.

View looking south to the area of activity,note the small cone has collapsed. All faults show downward motion to either the east of west through the cone

Expulsion of mud has resumed at the vent, it has been raining frequently, water collecting within the crater has reliquified the hard mud, gas that was previously freely escaping now has to displace this liquid mud, similar to what happens in a gas lift valve. Contrary to what is being reported in the media, activity has decreased.

small pool on the NW side of the tassik, there is no current activity. The small holes at the bottom of the pool represent former sites of gas discharge

view of the faults on the eastern side of the cone, movement is clearly down to the SW

Open fracture on the western side of the cone, no strike slip motion observed, also no gas bubbles seen.

Number of active vents and cones, activity levels are clearly much lower on the 19th October 2019, contrary to what is being reported in the media.